This Article is written by Savio P.Xavier pursuing BA.LL.B from Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies. The article talks about the new Rashtriya Raksha university Bill, 2020 that has brought in a new policing era which makes the police localized but uniform in function and practice.
The Union Minister for Home Affairs Sh. Amit Shah while speaking in the 47th All India Police Science Congress at the valedictory session, announced that the current Government will establish ‘Raksha Shakti University’. The colleges affiliated with it will be established in the states where there exists no police university. He further stated that the Centre would bring a bill on the same as he said that they were planning to make a Modus Operandi Bureau and
thereby to bring a change in the nature of the Narcotics Bureau. Thus, on 23rd March 2020, the Union Minister for Home Affairs announced,
introduced a bill in the Lok Sabha which sought to upgrade the Gujarat-based Raksha Shakti University as an institution of national importance and also proposed to change its name. According to the said proposal, the Rashtriya Raksha University, in the place of Raksha Shakti University, will be a multi-disciplinary institution helping to create new knowledge especially through research and collaboration with different stakeholders. The Raksha Shakti University was only recognized as a state university but through this Bill, the Rashtriya Raksha University will be recognized as a Central Institute. This Bill is waiting to be approved in the Lok Sabha.
The Raksha Shakti University
Raksha Shakti University (RSU) is a model security education university which is located in Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat. This University is India’s first internal security institute which is established by the Government of Gujarat in the year 2009. The University provides various programs ranging from Under-Graduate and Post-Graduate programs to Diploma and Certificate programs. The Curriculum of the University focuses on professional strategy, security, and defense education. This institute was inaugurated by the former Chief Minister of Gujarat and the current Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi on 22nd July 2009. The primary courses of the institute offered under UG programs are B.A. and B. tech and it offers MA, LL.M., M. tech, and M.Sc in various specializations at the PG level. The University also provides Ph.D. and M.Phil. as research level programs. Further, the institute also provides one-year Diploma courses as well as three months of Certificate programs in Photography and PG Diploma.
The objective of the Bill
In India, the police are organized state-wise but the basic concept and methodology of the working of police is more or less the uniform across the country. The main and foremost objective of the bill is to declare the Rashtriya Raksha University as an institute of national importance. This is important because only a few institutions in India provide the environment, infrastructure, and specialization to bestow education in the fields of police sciences and internal security for meeting the demands of modern, citizen-centric policing. Therefore, there arises a need to develop perspectives, undertake research, and impart knowledge in the fields of policing and allied areas particularly for the youth aspiring of the country to join the police and security forces at the national level.
Thus, to address the aforesaid issue, the Bill proposes to set up the Rashtriya Raksha University by elevating the status of the Raksha Shakti University, Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat, which is established under a State Act, the Raksha Shakti University Act, 2009, by the Government of Gujarat to be an institution of national importance.
The Rashtriya Raksha University is proposed to be a multi-disciplinary university for creating knowledge through research and collaborating with different stakeholders and thereby helping to fulfill the need for a pool of trained professionals with specialized knowledge and new skills in various areas of policing, the criminal justice system, and correctional administration.
Advantages of this University
The University will be linked with world-class universities of various countries of the world, which will be need-based, for the purpose of exchange of contemporary research, course design, skill development, technical know-how, and academic collaboration.
The university by promoting the global standards, by providing high and dynamic standards of learning and research; working atmosphere for the advancement and dissemination of research, education, training and scholarship of the highest quality in the parameters of policing which includes coastal policing, law enforcement, criminal justice, security, cybercrime, and security. The major advantage is that even Foreigners, NRIs, Indian origin people living in the Gulf, and South Asian countries can enroll in the university.
New Bill vs. Previous Act
- As far as the definition clause is concerned, there have been a few changes in the sections, as the definition of the words such as “Academic Council ” and “Dean”. However, there have been several additions to the definition clause including terms such as “affiliated college”, “distance education system”, “employee”, “Executive Council”, “Fund”, “Pro-Vice-Chancellor” and “Statutes” and “Ordinances”.
- In the objective section of the new Bill, it has been added that “working environment dedicated to the advancement and dissemination of education, research, training, and scholarship of the highest quality in the domain of policing including coastal policing, security, law enforcement, criminal justice, cybersecurity, cybercrime, artificial intelligence and related areas of internal security” meaning that it will be focusing on the cybersecurity of the nation as well.
- In the powers and functions section, there can be observed additions such as “to provide instructions and research in such branches of police science including coastal policing, security, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, cybercrime, risk management, social sciences,”, provisions for distance education, introduction of semester system, continuous evaluation and choice-based credit system and enter into agreements with other universities and academic institutions for credit transfer and joint degree programs, the introduction of e-governance with an effective management information system, provision for the preparation of instructional material, including related software and other audiovisual aids.
- As far as the Authorities of the University is concerned, the proposed Bill states that they shall comprise of a) Governing Body;(b) Executive Council;(c) Academic Council;(d) Finance Committee; and (e) such other authorities as may be laid down in the Statutes to be the authorities of the University changing the what was before: a. The board of governors, the academic council, the finance committee, and other authorities. The governing body shall include Chairperson;(b) Vice-Chancellor of the University, ex officio;(c) one representative of the Ministry of Home Affairs not below the rank of Joint Secretary, ex officio;(d) an officer of Indian Legal Service, not below the rank of Joint Secretary, to be nominated by the Central Government, ex officio;(e) two representatives of the Government of Gujarat being officers not below the rank of Secretary in that Government;(f) one representative of State Police Universities by rotation;(g) one person of eminence from the academia or field of education;(h) one person of eminence or expertise from the industry or corporate sector;(i) one person to be an expert of global eminence from a field having relevance to the objects of the University;(j) not more than three persons having expertise in defense, policing, internal security and allied fields.
- The governing body is similar in function to the body of governors. Basically, it shall be responsible for the general policymaking, superintendence, direction, and control of the affairs of the University. It can also delegate any of its powers to the Executive Council, Vice-Chancellor Pro Vice-Chancellors, Deans, Registrar, or any authority of the University. A new feature brought in is the Executive Council which would be the principal executive body of the University. Vice-Chancellor is the Ex-Officio Chairperson of the Executive Council.
- The Academic Council in the previous Act consisted of (i) the Director-General. who shall be the Chairman of the Academic Council; (ii) the Deputy Director-General; (iii) two academicians or professionals, to be nominated by the State Government; iv. Two academicians or professionals connected with the service or training of the police, military or paramilitary force: to be nominated by the State Government; (v) The Director of Research and Development; (vi) the Directors: (vii) one professor from each discipline of the university by rotation to he nominated by the Director general
- Whereas, the new Academic Council consists of the following persons, namely:—(a) the Vice-Chancellor shall be the Ex-Officio Chairperson of the Academic Council;(b) the professors appointed or recognized as such by the University for the purpose of imparting instruction;(c) three persons to be appointed by the Governing Body from among persons of national or international eminence in the industry or academia having relevance to the objects of the University;(d) two persons, not being employees of the University, to be nominated by the Vice-Chancellor, from amongst educationists of repute;(e) one person with wide experience in policing and internal security on rotation from States and Union Territories to be nominated by the Central Government; and (f) two persons from international universities to be nominated by the Governing Body.
- The function of it is general supervision over the academic policies of the University and shall be responsible for the maintenance of standards of learning, education. The Officers of the University which was first (i) The Director General (ii) The Deputy Director-General, (iii) The Director of Research and Development, (iv) The Directors, ( v) The Deans, (vi) The Registrar, and other persons.
- On the other hand, the new bill provides that a tribunal of arbitration will be set up to look into any disputes which arise out of the contracts between the university and employees and also any dispute arising due to any disciplinary action which is taken against a student by the university. It also provides that the university will be a public authority under clause (h) of section 2 of the Right to Information Act, 2005.
- The Rashtriya Raksha Bill,2020, prsindia.org
- Rashtriya Raksha University bill introduced in LS, aninews.in, www.business-standard.com
- BILLS LIST- Bills Total (Date of Introduction and Passing in Lok Sabha(LS) and Rajya Sabha(RS) https://mpa.gov.in/bills-list